Different uses for voting need different types of voting.
Are There Public Goods?
Libertarians claim democracy can exist only until a majority of voters discover they can vote themselves largess out of the public treasury; that democracy evolves into welfarism. That is an argument from theory, not facts. Dictatorships (including business monopolies) are far more likely to be kleptocracies, where a few people abuse institutional power to enrich themselves, while oppressing many others. In fact, a broader distribution of power (via PR) tends to cause a broader distribution of money in a large middle class.
Fair-share rules reduce the opportunities for kleptocracy because one group cannot steal another's share of the public treasury.
Voter CompetenceAn argument related to free rides is that voters might not know which party deserves credit for their well-being. While Party A funds aqueducts that bring clean water to the city, Party B funds bread and circuses. Which party will most voters support? If Party B ruled under winner-take-all legislative rules, many voters would eventually notice a lack of water. They would then give their support to the provident Party A.
Under fair shares, credit and fault are less clear. (Just as they are unclear under any sort of power sharing: a coalition parliament, a bicameral legislature, a division of power between central and local jurisdictions, or a balance of powers among three branches of government.) But this argument has the same basic assumption as those opposing Full Representation and democracy itself -- that the common citizens are fools, easily tricked and misled. There is a grain of truth to that. But the larger truth is that extensions of equality and democracy have improved governments and led to better conditions for most citizens.
Voter ControlIs PB built to control voters or to give them control?
by Sergio Gregorio Baierle, edited by Robert Loring
“The idea of connecting Occupy Wall Street (OWS) and Participatory Budgeting (PB) sounds good, but there are some risks to be considered:
|Electoral Systems||Legislative Systems|
|Chair||Reps||Council||Policy||Uses for FS
USA Needs FS
PB Needs FS